After months of evasion, procrastination and defiance, Yemeni puppet “president” Ali Abdullah Saleh had one more surprise up his sleeve: he signed a Gulf accord which, on paper at least, stripped him of his powers, writes Turkish newspaper Today’s Zaman.
He went on this step under intense pressure by the US and the Saudi regime, which faced with the instability in Egypt and Syria. The crisis is in Yemen would be very dangerous.
Under the accord, a 69-year-old Saleh must leave power in exchange for immunity from prosecution. After 10 months of continuous protests and clashes that have put the country on the edge of civil war, Saleh yet signed the plan.
However, many commentators have ab impression that the entire agreement of the transfer of power has remained only on paper. In fact, absolutely nothing has changed.
“Many diplomats warn the pact that Saleh signed to appease his opponents and the big powers contains flaws that could be exploited to undermine its implementation at every stage”, said Ghanem Nusseibeh, a UK-based analyst.
It is significant that the next day after signing the deal forces of Saleh’s regime executed another protest rally, killing at least 5 people. There are also no signs of the thousands of protesters on Sanaa’s streets leaving their tents that have become their homes for the past 10 months.
Many are angry that the Gulf regimes’ deal signed by Saleh guarantees him immunity. But most importantly – Saleh continues to manage its armed forces and the Yemeni economy.
And even if he leaves for the United States, he would still be the leader of the country’s ruling party, which does not step down.
In addition, Saleh’s relatives continue to control the power structures. His son, Ahmad, led an elite group, “Republican Guards”, which suppress the protests.
“Ahmed Saleh’s presence at the helm of the Republican Guards is a continuation of the regime”, said Ibrahim Sharqiyeh, an analyst at the Brookings Doha Center in Qatar.
In turn, protesting Muslims say they do not intend to leave the streets until then, while Saleh’s regime will not fall completely, and he himself will not be put on trial. Therefore, the unrest in Yemen continues. The situation in the country becomes more complicated.
On Wednesday, the puppets forces again opened fire on Muslims in the city of Taiz, when thousands took place in the protests. The regime’s troops began firing on positions of Muslims on Tuesday. On Wednesday, the slaughter continued, at least 3 people were injured and several shops destroyed.
In addition to Taiz, protests are continuing in other cities. Thus, in the town of Ibb, people went to the streets demanding to hold Saleh for court, accusing him of corruption and war crimes.
Meanwhile, Shiites rafidites are rampant in northern Yemen, attacking Muslims. The officials of the local Sunnis Abu Ismail said that the Shiite polytheists fired at Muslims in the province of Saada, injuring at least 26 worshipers.
In the south of Yemen, Aden, thousands of people took to the streets to call for the separation of South Yemen from the North.
“People want to liberate the South”, shouted the people of Aden, which was the capital of an independent Southern Yemen.
“There is no union, no federation, down, down with the occupation”, they shouted, waving flags of Southern Yemen and portraits of Ali Salem al-Baida. Al-Baida was president of the South until 1990 – then there was a unification of North and South.
Now Al-Baida leads Southern Movement, which demands independence from the North. He said that he still intends to “continue the struggle until we achieve our national aspirations and independence”.
Meanwhile, a much greater concern to the United States and Saudi Arabia is successes of Mujahideen of al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP).
It is reported that on Wednesday the Mujahideen of al-Qaeda on the Arabian Peninsula eliminated another group of soldiers of Saleh’s regime in the main southern port city of Aden, reports AFP citing one of the local policemen.
According to him, AQAP fighters “opened fire on two soldiers in civilian clothes near the market in the area of Hormaksar”. One of them was killed and another was seriously wounded and later died.
A strategically important city of Aden is located close to areas controlled by the Mujahideen – this is an Emirate of Abyan and province Shabwa. AQAP fighters operate freely in the provinces of Lahj, Hadramawt and Marib. Islamic fighters armed with modern tanks, APCs, artillery.
Muslims not only from all over Yemen, but also from all over the Islamic world: Arabia, Egypt, Iraq, Morocco, Bahrain, Nigeria and even Iran and Indonesia, are coming to the Emirate of Abyan.
In the ranks of the AQAP Mujahideen are a large number of Somalis. Earlier, Somali Mujahideen of Al-Shabaab declared their full readiness to help their brothers in Yemen, where they have sent a lot of fighters. According to the command of Al-Shabaab, a front Jihad in Yemen is more important than the front in Somalia.
Department of Monitoring